The Kannada version of the Constitution of India was first published in revised diglot edition (English-Kannada), the text of the Constitution of. The Constitution of India is one of the finest legal documents ever drafted. Being one of the lengthiest in the world with Articles and 12 Schedules. Bharatha Samvidhana Mattu Rajakeeya (Indian Constitution Book in Kannada). Bharatha. Get your site here, or download a. FREE site Reading App.

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3, The Designs Act, , 16, , Download ( KB) PDF 7, The Coal India (Regulation of Transfers and Validation) Act, , Download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd. Flag for . India. The Kannada version of the Constitution was first published in and thereafter a revised. indian constitution pdf in kannada Kannada is almost as old as Tamil, the truest of the Dravidian family. The Constitution of India in hindi is the supreme law of.

If the road is not wide enough to be conveniently accommodating the traffic on it, no hawking may be permitted at all or may be permitted once a week. Footpaths, streets or roads are public property and are intended to several general public and are not meant for private use. However, the court said that the affected persons could apply for relocation and the concerned authorities were to consider the representation and pass orders thereon.

The two rights were too remote to be connected together. The court distinguished the ruling in Olga Tellis v. It was not the case of a business of selling articles after investing some capital.

Umadevi [xxxi] , the Court rejected that right to employment at the present point of time can be included as a fundamental right under Right to Life under Art. Right to Shelter In U.

Avas Vikas Parishad v. Friends Coop. Housing Society Limited [xxxii] , the right to shelter has been held to be a fundamental right which springs from the right to residence secured in article 19 1 e and the right to life guaranteed by article To make the right meaningful to the poor, the state has to provide facilities and opportunities to build houses [xxxiii].

Upholding the importance of the right to a decent environment and a reasonable accommodation, in Shantistar Builders v. The difference between the need for an animal and a human being for shelter has to be kept in view.

The Constitution aims at ensuring fuller development of every child.


That would be possible only if the child is in a proper home. It is not necessary that every citizen must be ensured of living in a well-built comfortable house but a reasonable home, particularly for people in India, can even be a mud-built thatched house or a mud-built fireproof accommodation.

State of U. P [xxxv]. It is however where he has opportunities to grow physically, mentally, intellectually and spiritually. Right to shelter, therefore, includes adequate living space, safe and decent structure, clean and decent surroundings, sufficient light, pure air and water, electricity, sanitation and other civic amenities like roads etc.

Ramaswamy J. Subhash Chandra Bose [xxxvii] , held that right to social and economic justice is a fundamental right under Art.


The learned judge explained that the right to life and dignity of a person and status without means were cosmetic rights. Socio-economic rights were, therefore, basic aspirations for meaning the right to life and that Right to Social Security and Protection of Family were an integral part of the right to life. State of Arunachal Pradesh [xxxviii] , Chakmas Case , the supreme court said that the State is bound to protect the life and liberty of every human-being, be he a citizen or otherwise, and it cannot permit anybody or group of persons to threaten other person or group of persons.

No State Government worth the name can tolerate such threats by one group of persons to another group of persons; it is duty bound to protect the threatened group from such assaults and if it fails to do so, it will fail to perform its Constitutional as well as statutory obligations.

Vishwanath Pande Barde [xxxix] , it was held that right to economic empowerment of poor, disadvantaged and oppressed dalits was a fundamental right to make their right of life and dignity of person meaningful. Francis De Costa [xl] , the Supreme held that security against sickness and disablement was a fundamental right under Art. Consumer Education and Research Centre [xli] , it was further held that right to life and livelihood included right to life insurance policies of LIC of India, but that it must be within the paying capacity and means of the insured.

Right to Health In State of Punjab v. Chawla [xliii] , it has been held that- the right to life guaranteed under Article 21 includes within its ambit the right to health and medical care.

The Supreme Court in Vincent v. Union of India [xliv] , emphasized that a healthy body is the very foundation of all human activities.

In Consumer Education and Research Centre v. The health and strength of worker, the court said, was an important facet of right to life. Denial thereof denudes the workmen the finer facets of life violating Art. Union of India [xlvii] , the Supreme Court has very specifically clarified that preservation of life is of paramount importance.

Article 21 casts the obligation on the state to preserve life. It is the obligation of those who are in charge of the health of the community to preserve life so that the innocent may be protected and the guilty may be punished.

No law or state action can intervene to delay and discharge this paramount obligation of the members of the medical profession. The obligation being total, absolute and paramount, laws of procedure whether in statute or otherwise which would interfere with the discharge of this obligation cannot be sustained and must, therefore, give way.

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The patient whether he be an innocent person or a criminal liable to punishment under the laws of the society, it is the obligation of those who are in charge of the health of the community to preserve life so that the innocent may be protected and the guilty may be punished.

Social laws do not contemplate death by negligence to tantamount to legal punishment…. Every doctor whether at a Government hospital or otherwise has the professional obligation to extend his services with due expertise for protecting life.

State of West Bengal [xlix] , a person suffering from serious head injuries from a train accident was refused treatment at various hospitals on the excuse that they lacked the adequate facilities and infrastructure to provide treatment. In this case, the Supreme Court further developed the right to emergency treatment and went on to state that the failure on the part of the Government hospital to provide timely medical treatment to a person in need of such treatment results in the violation of his right to life guaranteed under Article It acknowledged the limitation of financial resources to give effect to such a right but maintained that it was necessary for the State to provide for the resources to give effect to the entitlement of the people of receiving emergency medical treatment [l].

It has been reiterated, time and again, that there should be no impediment to providing emergency medical care. The court has laid stress on a very crucial point, viz.

The state cannot avoid its constitutional obligation to provide adequate medical services to people on account of financial constraints. But, in State of Punjab v.

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Ram Lubhaya Bagga [liii] , the Supreme Court has recognized that provision of health facilities cannot be unlimited. The court held that it has to be to the extent finance permits.

No country has unlimited resources to spend on any of its projects. In Confederation of Ex-servicemen Association v. Union of India [liv] , right to get free and timely legal aid or facilities has been held to be not a fundamental right of ex-servicemen.

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A policy decision in formulating a contributory scheme for ex-servicemen and asking them to pay one-time contribution does not violate Art.

No Right to Die Art. Does, it also confers a right not to live or a right to die if a person chooses to end his life?

If so, what is the fate of Sec. There has been a difference of opinion on the justification of this provision to continue on the statute book. This question came for consideration for the first time before the High Court of Bombay in State of Maharashtra v. Maruti Sripati Dubal. Rathinam v.

The court argued that the word life in Art. Thus the court concluded that the right to live of which Art. State of Punjab [lvi]. The Court overruled the decision of the Division Bench in the above-stated case and has put an end to the controversy and ruled that Art.

In Gian Kaur v. State of Punjab [lvii] , the Supreme Court has distinguished between Euthanasia and attempt to commit suicide.

The court held that death due to termination of natural life is certain and imminent and the process of natural death has commenced. These are not cases of extinguishing life but only of accelerating conclusion of the process of natural death that has already commenced.

The court further held that this may fall within the ambit of Right to live with human dignity up to the end of natural life. This may include the right of a dying man to also die with dignity when his life is ebbing out. This cannot be equated with the right to die an unnatural death curtailing the natural span of life. Sentence of death —Rarest of rare cases The issue of abolition or retention of capital punishment was dealt with by the law commission of India.

After collecting as much available material as possible and assessing the views expressed by western scholars, the commission recommended the retention of capital punishment in the present state of the country. The commission held the opinion that having regard to the conditions of India, to the variety of the social upbringing of its inhabitants, to the disparity in the level of morality and education in the country, to the vastness of its area, to the diversity of its population and to the paramount need for maintaining law and order in the country, India could not risk the experiment of abolition of capital punishment.

In Jagmohan v. P [lviii] , the Supreme Court had held that the death penalty was not violative of Articles 14, 19 and It was said that the judge was to make the choice between the death penalty and imprisonment for life on the basis of circumstances, facts, and nature of crime brought on record during trial.

Therefore, the choice of awarding death sentence was done in accordance with the procedure established by law as required under article 21 But, in Rajindera Parsad v. State of Punjab [lx] , the leading case of on the question, a constitution bench of the supreme court explained that article 21 recognized the right of the state to deprive a person of his life in accordance with just, fair and reasonable procedure established by valid law. It was further held that the death penalty for the offense of murder awarded under section of I.

C did not violate the basic feature of the constitution. If anything endangers or impairs that quality of life in derogation of laws, a citizen has right to have recourse to Art.

The following are some of the well-known cases on the environment under Article In M. Mehta v. Union of India [lxii] , the Supreme Court ordered the closure of tanneries that were polluting water.

Union of India [lxiii] , the Supreme Court issued several guidelines and directions for the protection of the Taj Mahal, an ancient monument, from environmental degradation. In Vellore Citizens Welfare Forum v. Union of India [lxiv] , the Court took cognizance of the environmental problems being caused by tanneries that were polluting the water resources, rivers, canals, underground water, and agricultural land. The Court issued several directions to deal with the problem. It includes the right to freedom from stray cattle and animals in urban areas.

Constitution of India: List of All Articles (1-395) and Parts (1-22)

Union of India [lxvi] , the Court held that the blatant and large-scale misuse of residential premises for commercial use in Delhi violated the right to salubrious sand decent environment. Taking note of the problem the Court issued directives to the Government on the same. Deora v. Union of India [lxvii] , the persons not indulging in smoking cannot be compelled to or subjected to passive smoking on account of the act of smokers.

Right to Life under Article 21 is affected as a non-smoker may become a victim of someone smoking in a public place. Right Against Noise Pollution In Re: Noise Pollution [lxviii] , the case was regarding noise pollution caused by obnoxious levels of noise due to bursting of crackers during Diwali.

It guarantees the right of persons to life with human dignity. The human life has its charm and there is no reason why life should not be enjoyed along with all permissible pleasures. Anyone who wishes to live in peace, comfort, and quiet within his house has a right to prevent the noise as pollutant reaching him.

I am aware of the amount of work and enthusiasm that he has brought to bear on the work of drafting this Constitution. At the same time, I do realise that that amount of attention that was necessary for the purpose of drafting a constitution so important to us at this moment has not been given to it by the Drafting Committee. The House is perhaps aware that of the seven members nominated by you, one had resigned from the House and was replaced.

One died and was not replaced. One was away in America and his place was not filled up and another person was engaged in State affairs, and there was a void to that extent.

One or two people were far away from Delhi and perhaps reasons of health did not permit them to attend. So it happened ultimately that the burden of drafting this constitution fell on Dr. Ambedkar and I have no doubt that we are grateful to him for having achieved this task in a manner which is undoubtedly commendable.

Temporary president Appointed - Sachchidanand sinha. Demanding a separate state, the Muslim League boycotted the meeting. Mukherjee and constitutional legal adviser B. Kannada GK App provide gk information in kannad language it help to learn andimprvement.

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This article is very useful. Suggest the book to download where list of all articles are stated and all its amendments.

Use Indian English from December All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English Use dmy dates from December Articles containing potentially dated statements from March All articles containing potentially dated statements All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from January In Vishakha v.

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As human rights can only attach to living beings, one might expect the right to life itself to be in some sense primary, since none of the other rights would have any value or utility without it. The Judiciary does not have a specific mention in Article While deliberating the revised draft constitution, the assembly moved, discussed and disposed off 2, amendments out of a total of 7,